Daily Archives: October 25, 2011

Dating The Gospel of Mark

This blog post goes over the myriad of interpretations of the internal evidence for dating when the gospel of Mark was written. I am of course partial to Mark being written in Rome sometime after 70 CE. Here is a snippet: 
Joel Marcus (Sitz Im Leben), in contrast to Hengel’s claim that Mark had no actual familiarity with what transpired during the Jewish War but heard the news from afar (i.e. Rome), argues Mark was written from one of the Transjodan Hellenistic cities attacked at the beginning of the War (461-62).  Mark protests that the temple had become the house of revolutionary bandits (lēstēs) (cf. Josephus J.W. 4.3.7-8; 5.1.2; for Zealots used for revolutionaries in general see J.W. 2.17.9; 4.9.10) had taken over the temple under Elezar son of Simon.  This explains the abomination as Eleazar’s occupation of the temple in 67-68 CE, Mark’s openess to Gentiles and protest in the Court of Gentiles in the Temple (the Zealots wanted to cleanse it of foreign influence), the persecutions as the Zealots held mock trials, and Mark’s triumphal entry as the anti-type of the messianic entry of Simon bar Giora in April-May 69  (448-59).  Mark is writing in hindsight and sees the destruction of the Temple in 70 CE as punishment for closing the door on Gentiles and turning the place into the seat of revolutionary violence (461-62).
Like I said, this is only a snippet. But this one paragraph seems close enough to my interpretation. But do go read the whole thing for your own edification!
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Posted by on October 25, 2011 in early Christianity

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