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Joseph And An Issue With "Q"

25 Apr
Here is the probable content of Q:
 
Sayings/Episodes
Luke
Matthew
I: The Preparation
A. John's Preaching of repentence
B. The Temptation of Jesus

3:7-9
4:1-13

3:7-10
4:1-11
II: The Sayings
A. Beautitudes
B. Love to One's Enemies
C. Judging
D. Hearer and Doers of the Word

6:20-23
6:27-36
6:37-42
6:47-49

5:3,4,6,11,12
5:39-42,44-48,7:12
7:1-5;10:24;15:14
7:24-27
III. Narratives
A. The Centurion's Servant
B. The Baptist's Questions
C. Christ's Answer

7:1-10
7:18-20
7:22-35

7:28;8:5-10,13
11:2-3
11:4-19
IV. Discipleship
A. On the Cost of Discipleship
B. The Mission Charge
C. Christ's Thanksgiving to the Father

9:57-60
10:2-16
10:21-24

8:19-22
9:37-38;10:9-15;11:21-23
11:25-27;13:16-17
V. Various Sayings
A. The Pattern Prayer
B. An Answer to Prayer
C. The Beelzebub Discussion and Its Sequel
D. Sign of the Prophet Jonah
E. About Light

11:2-4
11:9-13
11:14-23
11:29-32
11:33-36

6:9-13
7:7-11
12:22-30
12:38-42
5:15;6:22-23
VI. Discourse Against the Pharisees
A. Against the Pharisees

11:37-12:1

Chapter 23
VII. Sayings
A. About Fearless Confession
B. On Cares About Earthly Things
C. On Faithfulness
D. On Signs for This Age
E. On Agreeing with One's Adversaries

12:2-12
12:22-34
12:39-46
12:51-56
12:57-59

10:19,26-33;12:32
6:19-21,25-33
24:43-51
10:34-36;16:2-3
5:25-26
VIII. Parables
A. On the Mustard Seed and Leaven

13:18-21

13:31-33
IX. Other Sayings
A. Condemnation of Israel
B. Lament Over Jerusalem
C. The Wedding Feast
D. Cost of Discipleship
E. On Serving Two Masters
F. On Law and Divorce
G. On Offence, Forgiveness and Faith
H. The Day of the Son of Man

13:23-30
13:34-35
14:15-24
14:26-35
6:13
16:16-18
17:1-6
17:23-27,33-37

7:13,14,22,23;8:11-12
23:37-39
22:2-14
10:37-39;5:13
6:24
11:12-13;15:18,32
18:6,7,15,20-22
24:17-18,26-28,37-41
 
There's something very strange with how scholars have defined Q. In Mark, the father of Jesus is never presented. In Luke and Matthew, Jesus' “earthly” father is Joseph. But how could there be agreement with the name of the father of Jesus if Luke and Matt's source – Q – does not explicate who Jesus' “earthly” father is? Joseph never shows up in Q and is absent in Mark. So where did they get that name from?
 
Either they got it from the black hole of tradition, or one is using the other as a source.
 
Joseph makes one appearance in Luke outside of the birth narrative. This is the pericope where Jesus is rejected in his hometown; it has a peculiar evolution in the Synoptic tradition.
 
Mark 6.1-3: Jesus left there, and went to his hometown, accompanied by his disciples. When the Sabbath came, he began to teach in the synagogue, and many who heard him were amazed. “Where did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers?” they asked “Isn't this the carpenter?”
 
Matthew 13.53-55: When Jesus had finished these parables, he moved on from there. Coming to his hometown, he began teaching people in their synagogue, and they were amazed. “Where did this man get this wisdom and these miraculous powers?” they asked “Isn't this the carpenter's son?”
 
Luke 14-22: Jesus returned to Galilee in the power of the Spirit, and news about him spread through the whole countryside. He taught in their synagogues, and everyone praised him. He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. And he stood up to read. The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written: “The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor.” Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him, and he began by saying to them, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” All spoke well of him and were amazed at the gracious words that came from his lips. “Isn't this Joseph's son?” they asked.
 
Why would Luke, who we all know used Mark as a source, render Mark's “Isn't this the carpenter?” pericope as “Isn't this Joseph's son?”, which depends on Matthew's reinterpretation of Mark? In other words, if the only source that presents Jesus as a “carpenter's son” instead of the carpenter himself is Matthew, where else would Luke get that idea from?
It's like the “unknown” variables in Matt and Mark were filled in by concrete nouns by Luke. Originally in Mark, Jesus' hometown was a bit ambiguous. In Matt it's only implied that it's Nazareth (I think that Matt invented this) in this pericope. Luke removes the ambiguity and firmly establishes that Nazareth was Jesus' hometown. This evolution makes sense if Luke first used Mark and then used Matt.
 
Q solves a lot of problems, but it also creates some that wouldn't exist otherwise…
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Posted by on April 25, 2011 in synoptic problem

 

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